Conquering the diagnostic dilemma of Acanthamoeba keratitis

Acanthamoeba is a free-living protozoan mainly found in water and soil. Like other protozoa, it exists as a motile, feeding trophozoite which when in danger...

Managing DED with lipid and non-lipid eye drops

The mainstay therapy for dry eye disease (DED) is the use of artificial tear solutions to supplement the natural tear film1. The therapeutic landscape...

CASE STUDY: For eyes that really pop…

A 34-year-old male was referred to the outpatient clinic with decreased vision in both eyes, which had remained stable over the preceding six months. He...

Long-term trends in keratoplasty in Aotearoa

It has been more than 30 years since the New Zealand National Eye Bank (NZNEB) was established; in that time, Stats NZ has reported a dramatic 41% increase...

Diagnosis and management of macular polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy

Polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) has historically been considered a subtype of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD). It is characterised...

Risks of topical ocular antibiotics and corticosteroids

The use of corticosteroids in ophthalmology was first introduced in the 1950s by Gordon and McLean1. Corticosteroids exert their anti-inflammatory effects...

Sarcoidosis and the eye

Sarcoidosis is a multisystem inflammatory condition characterised by non-caseating granulomas. It is a leading cause of inflammatory eye disease. Although...

Contact lens-related keratitis in New Zealand

In the early Sixties, driven by the efforts of pioneering dentist-turned-contact lens manufacturer Eugene Hirst (original co-founder of Mortimer Hirst...

Matters of size: when is the cornea too large?

The cornea is the most significant refractive structure of the eye, contributing two-thirds of the eye’s refractive power, the remainder coming from the...

Contemporary surgical managment of iris tumours and reconstruction

In the human eye, the iris forms a diaphragm controlling the diameter of the pupil and therefore the amount of light reaching the retina. The eye is diffraction-limited,...

CASE STUDY: Spontaneous reattachment of rhegmatogenous retinal detachments

Case 1: Mrs B is a 55-year-old woman who was referred by her optometrist with suspected retinitis pigmentosa. She had no known ocular, systemic or family...

Is UGH syndrome still relevant in 2020?

Uveitis-glaucoma-hyphaema (UGH) syndrome is a late, postoperative complication traditionally associated with implantation of anterior chamber (AC) intraocular...

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